Oklawaha Greenway – October 6, 2017

Click on any picture to zoom and enter the slide show.

Photography by Ken Borgfeldt & Penny Longhurst

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Courthouse Falls – October 6, 2017

We’ve included a photograph of Monkshood (Aconitum uncinatum) in bloom so you can compare it to the fruit that we saw on our walk.

Our lunch spot:

and an old video of Courthouse Falls

Photography by Ken Borgfeldt & Penny Longhurst,

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Estatoe Trail Mosses and Liverworts – September 29, 2017

An illustrated Mosses & Liverworts identification page based on Bonnie’s handout can be seen at https://wcbotanicalclub.org/bryophytes/

Other pictures from the field trip can be seen below. Click on any picture to zoom and view the slide show.

Photography by Alice Greko & Penny Longhurst

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Coontree Trail – September 22, 2017

We’re currently having some discussions on whether the Ladie’s Tresses orchids seen on the Coontree walk are Spiranthes tuberosa (Little Ladies’ Tresses) or Spiranthes cernua (Nodding Ladies’ Tresses). When or if we work it out we’ll post the correct names. Feel free to send your opinions to wcbotanicalclub@gmail.com or add a comment below.

Click on any picture to zoom and access the slide show.

 

After the field trip a few of us visited another site and found the following plants. Maybe we can all go visit next year

Photography by Ken Borgfeldt, Alice Greko, David Heavner, RoseMarie Kroll, Jim Poling, & Joe Standaert

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Sam Knob Meadow and Beyond – September 15, 2017

Photography by Jock Aplin, Ken Borgfeldt,  &  David Heavner

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Big Ridge to Stony Bald – September 8, 2017

Photography by Ken Borgfeldt & David Heavner

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Hypericum Identification

The genus name, Hypericum, comes from the Greek words hyper meaning “above” and eikon meaning “picture” from the old custom of hanging Hypericum flowers above a picture to ward off evil spirits at the Feast of St. John, which took place at the time of the plant’s blooming. This resulted in the plant’s common name of St. John’s-wort.

Our plant’s list for Parkway South includes 7 different Hypericum species; most are found at Wolf Mountain Overlook. Differentiating between some of them is difficult, so we’ve tried to come up with an aid. Our photographers have provided pictures and we’ve included brief descriptions, so that next time we visit we can hopefully identify the different species. Note: herbaceous plants are annuals or perennials that die back each year; a woody shrub continues growing, thus its stem increases in diameter each year.


Canada St. John’s-wort (H. canadense) is an erect (up to 2’ tall), slender, well branched herbaceous plant of moist habitats. Its narrow leaves are linear, 1” long but only ⅟16” wide. Its cymes are terminal and many-flowered with small blooms measuring less than ¼”.


Mountain St. John’s-wort (H. graveolens) is an erect (1-2’ tall), high elevation herbaceous plant of balds & seepage slopes. The leaves are ovate or elliptic, punctate with black spots, with a base that is rounded or clasping. The cymes are few-flowered, with only 5-14 flowers/plant. The yellow petals have black glands, but only along their margins, and the sepals are usually without black lines or spots.


Dwarf St. John’s-wort (H. mutilum) is a slender, erect (0.5 – 2.5’) diffusely branching herbaceous plant of bogs, marshes, and ditches. Its distinctive leaves are small (up to 1.5” long), ovate or elliptic, with clasping bases. Its diffuse cymes are many flowered with small blooms measuring less than ¼”.


Spotted St. John’s-wort (H. punctatum) is an erect (1-3’ tall), sparingly branched herbaceous plant of thickets and damp places. Its sessile leaves are up to 2.5” long. The flowers are in terminal cymes. The leaves, sepals, and yellow petals all have distinctive black dots.


Appalachian St. John’s-wort (H. buckleyi) is a decumbent woody shrub found growing in mats on rocky cliffs and wet rocks at high elevations. A small, low growing plant less than 12” high, its leaves are elliptical to ovate and 1.5 – 2.5 times as long as wide. The small yellow flowers are solitary or in small cymes at the end of branches. H. buckleyi is very common at Wolf Mountain Overlook.


Bushy St. John’s-wort (H. densiflorum) is an erect (1-3’ tall), sparingly branched woody shrub of balds and bogs. Its leaves are linear, 1-2” long and its multiple flowers (usually more than 7 per cyme) are borne in panicles at the ends of branches. This plant is also common at Wolf Mountain Overlook.


Shrubby St. John’s-wort (H. prolificum) is an erect woody shrub (1-4’ tall) found growing in bogs, seepages, and dry rocky areas. The bark of older plants becomes ridged and peels off easily to reveal a pale inner bark. Its lance-shaped leaves are 1-3” long; the largest leaves being only ¼ to ½” wide. H. prolificum has a large number of long bushy stamens that partially obscure the petals (hence the epithet “prolificum”, meaning many). The terminal cymes usually contain only 3-7 flowers.

Handout for Printing

Photography by Ken Borgfeldt, Penny Longhurst, Jim Poling, and Joe Standaert

Sources:
Dennis Horn & Tavia Cathcart: Wildflowers of Tennessee, the Ohio Valley and the Southern Appalachians. Lone Pine Publishing, 2005
Albert E. Radford, Harry E. Ahles, & C. Ritchie Bell: Manual of the Vascular Flora of the Carolinas. The University of North Carolina Press, 1968.
Richard M. Smith: Wildflowers of the Southern Mountains. University of Tennessee Press, 1998.
Alan S. Weakley: Flora of the Southern and Mid-Atlantic States. UNC Herbarium, 2015.

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Parkway South – August 25, 2017

Great drive. LOTS of pictures! Included stops at Wagon Road Gap, Log Hollow Overlook, and Wolf Mountain Overlook.

Photography by Jock Aplin, Ken Borgfeldt, Joy Charlebois, Penny Longhurst, & Jim Poling

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Tanbark Tunnel to Bull Gap – August 18, 2017

Rattlesnake Lodge History (Reduce size and rotate page after loading)

(Click on any picture to zoom)

Photography by Ken Borgfeldt, David Heavner, Penny Longhurst, & Jim Poling

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Botanical Gardens at Asheville – August 11, 2017

Great walk at the Botanical Gardens at Asheville with garden manager, Jay Kraynik. An educational and entertaining morning! Thanks once again, Jay!

Information about the Moon Tree & link to CLASSIFICATION OF THE NATURAL COMMUNITIES OF NORTH CAROLINA by Michael P. Schafale and Alan S. Weakley, mentioned by Jay during our walk

Don’t forget the plant sale is September 9th from 9 am to 3 pm!

Photography by Penny Longhurst & Jim Poling

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